Leveraged financing is a common practice in Forex trading, and allows traders
to use credit, such as a trade purchased on margin, to maximize returns.
Collateral for the loan/leverage in the margined account is provided by the
initial deposit. This can create the opportunity to control USD 100,000 for as
little as USD 1,000.
There are five ways private investors can trade in Forex, directly or
Please note that this book focuses on the most common way of trading in the
Forex market, "Day-Trading" (related to "Spot"). Please refer to the glossary
for explanations of each of the five ways investors can trade in Forex.
A spot transaction is a straightforward exchange of one currency for another.
The spot rate is the current market price, which is also called the "benchmark
price". Spot transactions do not require immediate settlement, or payment
"on the spot". The settlement date, or "value date" is the second business
day after the "deal date" (or "trade date") on which the transaction is agreed
by the trader and market maker. The two-day period provides time to confirm
the agreement and to arrange the clearing and necessary debiting and
crediting of bank accounts in various international locations.
Although Forex trading can lead to very profitable results, there are
substantial risks involved: exchange rate risks, interest rate risks, credit risks
and event risks.
Approximately 80% of all currency transactions last a period of seven days or
less, with more than 40% lasting fewer than two days. Given the extremely
short lifespan of the typical trade, technical indicators heavily influence
entry, exit and order placement decisions.