Bureau of Labor and Statistics; around the 20th of each month, 8:30am EST, covers
previous month's data
The CPI is considered the most widely used measure of inflation and is regarded as an
indicator of the effectiveness of government policy. The CPI is a basket of consumer goods
(and services) tracked from month to month (excluding taxes). The CPI is one of the most
followed economic indicators and considered to be a very big market mover. A rising CPI
indicates inflation. The Core-CPI (CPI, excluding food and energy, expense items which are
subject to seasonal fluctuations) gives a more stringent measure of general prices.
Department of Labor; the first Friday of each month, 8:30am EST, covers previous
The collection of the data is gathered through a survey among 375,000 business and 60,000
households. The report reviews: the number of new work places created or cancelled in the
economy, average wages per hour and the average length of the work week. The report is
considered as one of the most important economic publications, both for the fact that it
discloses new up-to-date information and due to the fact that, together with NFP, it gives a
good picture of the total state of the economy. The report also breaks out data by sector
(e.g. manufacturing, services, building, mining, public, etc.)
Bureau of Labor and Statistics; the first Friday of each month, 8:30am EST, covers
previous month data
The Employment Situation Report is a monthly indicator which contains two major parts. One
part is the unemployment and new jobs created, the report reveals the unemployment rate
and the change in the unemployment rate. The second part of the report indicates things like
average weekly hours worked and average hourly earnings. This data is important for
determining the tightness of the labor market, which is a major determinant of inflation. The
Bureau of Labor surveys over 250 regions across the United States and covers almost every
major industry. This indicator is certainly one of the most watched indicators and almost
always moves markets. Investors value the fact that information in the Employment report is
very timely as it is less than a week old. The report provides one of the best snapshots of the
health of the economy.
The meeting of the US Federal Bank representatives, held 8 times a year. The
decision about the prime interest rate is published during each meeting (around
14:15 EST). The FED (the Federal Reserve of USA) is responsible for managing the US
monetary policy, controlling the banks, providing services to governmental organizations and
citizens, and maintaining the country's financial stability.
There are 12 Fed regions in the USA (each comprising several states), represented in the Fed
committee by regional commissioners.
The rate of interest on a currency is in practice the price of the money. The higher the rate
of interest on a currency, the more people will tend to hold that currency, to purchase it and
in that way to strengthen the value of the currency. This is very important indicator affecting
the rate of inflation and is a very big market mover.
There is great importance to the FOMC announcement, however - the content of the
deliberation held in the meeting, which is published 2 weeks after the rate announcement, is
almost as important to the markets.
The FED's announcement has shaken the Forex market? Learn about
economic indicators; read the online financial calendar onboard